They also occur in small numbers in sub-Saharan Africa, confined to tropical areas, from southern Senegal in the north to southern Mozambique and Madagascar in the south. It is also possible to make dissolving pulp from bamboo. It is widely used by raffia palm wine tappers as ladder for climbing in some localities, used as improvised television pole. A mutant bamboo plant flowering at a noninteger multiple of its population's flowering interval would release its seeds alone, and would not enjoy the benefits of collective flowering (such as protection from predators). The farmer asked the landlord for his daughter's hand in marriage, but the proud landlord would not allow her to be bound in marriage to a poor farmer. This can be done in marginal soils that may not support growing of arable crops. Three (3) communities were randomly selected from each local government area (LGA) to get Nine (9) communities. Bamboo is the fastest growing timber like substance on earth, growing skyward as fast as 121cm in 24hours period and can also reach maximal growth rate exceeding one meter per hour for short period of time . It is also cooked with tender pumpkin leaves to make sag green leaves. Then, the branches extend from the nodes and leafing out occurs. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Brown 1998, IPCC 2006, IPCC 2007). Bamboo has often been used to construct weapons and is still incorporated in several Asian martial arts. Ramanuja Rao, R Gnanabaran and C.B Sastory, pds). Table shows that 78% of the respondents are males while 22% are females. Transportation costs are relatively high because culms are hollow inside. In Japan, a bamboo forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto shrine as part of a sacred barrier against evil. Bamboos are plant of global interest because of their distinctive life form, their ecological importance and the wide range of uses and values to humans . They are in the sub-family of bambusoideae and family poacae Forest composition was assessed in the last century in terms of the commercial value of timber. Familiar Plants. Bamboo, like wood, is a natural composite material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures. Bamboo as a non-timber forest material can replace or use as an improvised alternative for furniture, building material, paper, ladder etc. Fiber corporation Resource Fiber is contracting farmers in the United States for Bamboo cultivation. Respondents for the study were selected from the three Local Government Areas, and each of Local Government produced three Communities to give a total of Nine Communities to give a total of one hundred and eighty (180) respondents. In fact, many species only flower at intervals as long as 65 or 120 years. Bamboo is a resource that is closely related with food security if sold, source of energy, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. , Phyllostachys pubescens in Batumi Botanical Garden, Bamboo forest at the Rutgers Gardens, North Brunswick, New Jersey. The same table shows that 8.99% of the respondents are within 21-30 years, 26.67% are 31-40 years of age, 57.78% are 51 years of age and above while 6.67 falls within 41-50 years. The result further revealed that 130 of the respondents use bamboo for staking of yams, 164 for erosion control, 168 for watershed while 68 indicated using it for building construction. A vast majority of the inhabitant’s rural communities are suffering from adverse environment, unemployment, poverty and disease. Choosing wood products reduces atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases in two particular ways: • It is well known that trees clean the air by absorb-ing carbon dioxide (CO 2). Wise use of this resource is closely related with food security, energy needs poverty alleviation and environmental protection. 3.3. The socio economic role of Bamboo in particular and forestry in general boils down to poverty alleviation, generation of employment, income and improved standard of living in general. Bamboo has been traditionally used in Malaysia as a firecracker called a meriam buluh or bamboo cannon. Ramanuja Rao; R. Gnanabaran and C.B. Bamboo is a resource that is closely related with food security if sold, source of energy, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. The huge increase in available fruit in the forests often causes a boom in rodent populations, leading to increases in disease and famine in nearby human populations. These architects have made a deliberate attempt to increase social acceptance of bamboo and promote its adoption as an inexpensive and environmentally friendly building materials among both the rich and the poor . Along the riverine areas of Nigeria, houses are built entirely with Bamboo with only raffia palm used for roffing . The triumphant farmer returned to the landlord and demanded his daughter. For example, as of 2016, the U.S. The objectives of the study were to; determine the various uses of bamboo and to ascertain the contribution of bamboo in the present dispensation to the socio-economic well being of the people in the study area. One hypothesis to explain the evolution of this semelparous mass flowering is the predator satiation hypothesis, which argues that by fruiting at the same time, a population increases the survival rate of its seeds by flooding the area with fruit, so even if predators eat their fill, seeds will still be left over. In milder climates, such as USDA zone 7 and above, most bamboo remain fully leafed out and green year-round. Some can send out runners of several metres a year, while others can stay in the same general area for long periods. Once the poles are lined up together, they cut a hole crosswise through the poles at each end and use a small bamboo pole pushed through that hole like a screw to hold all the long bamboo poles together. In Malaysia, a similar story includes a man who dreams of a beautiful woman while sleeping under a bamboo plant; he wakes up and breaks the bamboo stem, discovering the woman inside. Return on fencing, Barn construction and thatching of 76k is low because these activities are equally seasonal. Bamboo's long life makes it a Chinese symbol of uprightness and an Indian symbol of friendship. Analysis done on return on investment indicated that dealers on bamboo made 92k, 82k and 76k profit for every naira invested in the business of supply for building, staking of yams and fencing barn construction and thatching respectively. The greatest losses are borne by the poor, especially the rural poor, as once abundant and cheap material that provided sustenance, shelter, and income has become scarce and expensive. Bamboo is typically harvested as a source material for construction, food, crafts and other manufactured goods. This obviously revealed that dealers on bamboo made 92k and 82k profit from every Naira investment in the business of supply for building and staking of yams. Bamboo products can be an important part of more circular economic growth, provide a low-carbon, biodegradable and/or renewable alternative to traditional materials. In Philippine mythology, one of the more famous creation accounts tells of the first man, Malakás ("Strong"), and the first woman, Maganda ("Beautiful"), each emerged from one half of a split bamboo stem on an island formed after the battle between Sky and Ocean. Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables). The middlemen are into full time business as they invade the rural area and buy these materials in large quantities and supply to builders. Basically, bamboo is a great substitute item of wood. Individual bamboo culms do not get any taller or larger in diameter in subsequent years than they do in their first year, and they do not replace any growth lost from pruning or natural breakage. Bamboos constitute one of a few select categories of plants which are taxonomically related, very rich in species and of vital economic and ecological importance.  Certain bamboos have become problematic, such as Phyllostachys species of bamboo are also considered invasive and illegal to sell or propagate in some areas of the US.. Clumping bamboo species tend to spread slowly, as the growth pattern of the rhizomes is to simply expand the root mass gradually, similar to ornamental grasses. Traditionally, it is used as fuel wood, rural housing (thatched house), Shelter belt, fencing, chair and various other purposes . Okafor, J.C. Omoridon and P.S Amaza (1994) Non-Timber forestry Products: Tropical Forestry Action Programme Study Report pp 185. Countless poems praising bamboo written by ancient Chinese poets are actually metaphorically about people who exhibited these characteristics. Economic Importance of Poaceae lies for both men and animals. Most of the mean annual rainfall of about 2152 mm occurs during the wet season, April to October, and is associated with moisture – laden maritime southwest rain bearing winds from the Atlantic Ocean. For example: In the process of water leaching, the bamboo is dried slowly and evenly in the shade to avoid cracking in the outer skin of the bamboo, thereby reducing opportunities for pest infestation. , Due to its flexibility, bamboo is also used to make fishing rods. It is source of income to the rural villages and farmers. Unlike hardwood trees, bamboo regrows after harvesting, just as grass regrows after cutting. If timber was used instead, it would require the felling of trees from an already diminishing forest. Most important, bamboo is renewable. The group of plants belonging to a family of giant woody grasses is called bamboo. The shoots of some species contain toxins that need to be leached or boiled out before they can be eaten safely. Arnoldsche Art Publishers: Stuttgart, McCallum, T. M. Containing Beauty: Japanese Bamboo Flower Baskets. , Some bamboo species are acknowledged as having high potential for becoming invasive species. Journal of tropical forest science 5 (4): 528-525,000. Respondents for the study were chosen from the three Local Government Areas. One such bridge in the area of Qian-Xian is referenced in writings dating back to 960 AD and may have stood since as far back as the third century BC, due largely to continuous maintenance. Bamboo has other advantages. Ballarpur (Chandrapur, Maharstra) paper mills use bamboo for paper production. However, a number of challenges – from a lack of standards, to gaps in product development – need to […] The subfamily in its current sense belongs to the BOP clade of grasses, where it is sister to the Pooideae (bluegrasses and relatives). Triticum vulgare, wheat; Zea mays, corn; Avena sativa, oat; Oryza sativa, rice; Bambusa, bamboo it is a strong and reliable material for construction of scaffold by architects. Today, over one billion people in the world live in bamboo houses.  In the Philippines, the nipa hut is a fairly typical example of the most basic sort of housing where bamboo is used; the walls are split and woven bamboo, and bamboo slats and poles may be used as its support. Subfamily of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, Bamboo foliage with yellow stems (probably, Bamboo foliage with black stems (probably, A bamboo hedge contained by an in-ground barrier, shown during and after construction, Brauen, M. Bamboo in Old Japan: Art and Culture on the Threshold to Modernity. Equally, 68, 148 and 168 indicated using it as aesthetics, thatching and barn construction. Cut bamboo is raised clear of the ground and leaned against the rest of the clump for one to two weeks until leaves turn yellow to allow full consumption of sugars by the plant. Gardeners working with bamboo plants have occasionally reported allergic reactions varying from no effects during previous exposures, to immediate itchiness and rash developing into red welts after several hours where the skin had been in contact with the plant (contact allergy), and in some cases into swollen eyelids and breathing difficulties (dyspnoea). A bamboo staff, sometimes with one end sharpened, is used in the, Bamboo is used for crafting the bows, called, Bamboo was apparently used in East and South Asia as a, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 06:04. Food plant - Rice . Mbaise is a large area of three Large Local Government areas namely: Aboh Ahiazu and Ezinihitte Local Government Areas. Forest production journal 44 (9): 40-46. The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. giant cane", "Bamboo Farming: An Opportunity To Transform Livelihoods", "Muli bamboo (plant) – Encyclopædia Britannica", "Thinning bamboos, with itchy consequences", "Bamboo as a complementary crop to address climate change and livelihoods – Insights from India", "RESS RELEASE: NEW REPORT REVEALS THE BENEFITS OF BAMBOO FOR LAND RESTORATION", "UNDERSTANDING BAMBOO'S CLIMATE CHANGE POTENTIAL", "About International Network for Bamboo and Rattan", "Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop", "Structural Bamboo Design in East Africa", "In Fight Against Plastic Pollution, Sikkim Introduces Bamboo Water Bottles For Tourists", "India's first biofuel refinery to harness fuel out of bamboo", "Hong Kong Journal; For Raising Skyscrapers, Bamboo Does Nicely", "\"Competition Bureau Takes Action to Ensure Accuracy for Textile Articles Labelled and Advertised as Bamboo\, "Four Companies Charged with Labeling Rayon Clothing As Bamboo", "Selected physical properties of commercial bamboo flooring", "Made in Africa: Bamboo bikes put Zambian business on right track", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bamboo&oldid=990735404, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from August 2009, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with disputed statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is widely used by raffia palm wine tappers as ladder for climbing in some localities, used as improvised television pole. This fermented bamboo shoot is used in various culinary preparations, notably amil, a sour vegetable soup. Similarly, steamed tea is sometimes rammed into bamboo hollows to produce compressed forms of Pu-erh tea. Little attention was paid to it in the past, because it was seen as not having substantial benefits in terms of generating revenue. The single most important item of forest product used extensively in the tropical rural communities is bamboo. More recently, a mathematical explanation for the extreme length of the flowering cycles has been offered, involving both the stabilising selection implied by the predator satiation hypothesis and others, and the fact that plants that flower at longer intervals tend to release more seeds. Economic Importance of Bamboo. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the socio-economic importance of highland bamboo and the associated challenges for its expansion.  With the help of molecular tools, it is now possible to distinguish the superior fiber-yielding species/varieties even at juvenile stages of their growth, which can help in unadulterated merchandise production..  In the Americas, bamboo has a native range from 47 °S in southern Argentina and the beech forests of central Chile, through the South American tropical rainforests, to the Andes in Ecuador near 4,300 m (14,000 ft). The minister said the sensitivity with which the Modi government views the importance of bamboo is evident from the fact that it has amended the century-old Indian Forest Act by taking home grown bamboo out of the purview of the Act, in order to enhance livelihood opportunities through bamboo. During the third year, the culm hardens further. Some of the largest timber bamboo can grow over 30 m (98 ft) tall, and be as large as 250–300 mm (10–12 in) in diameter. The utilization of bamboo and forest resources by the rural people posses a great potential to the solution of rural poverty, unemployment and backwardness. The pine (sōng 松), the bamboo (zhú 竹), and the plum blossom (méi 梅) are also admired for their perseverance under harsh conditions, and are together known as the "Three Friends of Winter" (歲寒三友 suìhán sānyǒu) in Chinese culture. Pine (matsu 松 in Japanese) is of the first rank, bamboo (take 竹) is of second rank, and plum (ume 梅) is of the third. Examples include clothing such as shirt tops, pants, sock for adults and children as well as bedding such as sheets and pillow covers. & Zucc.). economic benefits of bamboo craft making on the entrepreneurs of the district. Most bamboo species are native to warm and moist tropical and to warm temperate climates. 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